Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

HFMD is a viral infection caused by a group of enteroviruses and is most commonly caused by the Coxsackie virus.

Signs and symptoms

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Rash (flat or raised spots) or small blisters on palms of hands, soles of feet or buttock
  • Mouth ulcers on the inside of the mouth or sides of the tongue
  • Poor appetite

Mode of spread
It is easily spread from one person to another by droplet, saliva as well as by coming in contact with fluid from insude the blisters. It can also be in faeces for up to several weeks after being infected.

Incubation period
The incubation period of HFMD is 3 to 5 days. Symptoms can last between 7 -10 days.

Infectious period
A child infected with HFMD is contagious throughout the duration of the illness. They cease to be contagious when their illness resolves.

If suspect a child to have HFMD, please seek medical attention as soon as possible.

For more information on HFMD clusters and updates, click here.
For Weekly Infectious Diseases bulletin, click here.


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